Viruses are small infectious organism—much smaller than a fungus or bacterium—that must invade a living cell to reproduce (replicate). The virus attaches to a cell (called the host cell), enters it, and releases its DNA or RNA inside the cell. The virus’s DNA or RNA is the genetic material containing the information needed to make copies of (replicate) the virus. The virus’s genetic material takes control of the cell and forces it to replicate the virus. The infected cell usually dies because the virus keeps it from performing its normal functions. When it dies, the cell releases new viruses, which go on to infect other cells.
Bacteria are microscopic, single-celled organisms. There are thousands of different kinds, and they live in every conceivable environment all over the world. They live in soil, seawater, and deep within the earth’s crust. Some bacteria have been reported even to live in radioactive waste. Many bacteria live in the bodies of people and animals—on the skin and in the airways, mouth, and digestive, reproductive, and urinary tracts—without causing any harm. Such bacteria are called resident flora, or the microbiome. Many resident flora are actually helpful to people—for example by helping them digest food or by preventing the growth of other, more dangerous bacteria.•Only a few kinds of bacteria cause disease. They are called pathogens. Sometimes bacteria that normally reside harmlessly in the body cause disease. Bacteria can cause disease by producing harmful substances (toxins), invading tissues, or doing both.
The symptoms of a viral infection and bacterial infection can be similar. They can each cause similar symptoms such as fever, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and cramping. Bacteria and viruses are both microbes, however, they are different types of organisms that cause diseases in the body to manifest in different ways. Viruses are not complete cells, they need a living host, such as a person, animal or plant, to survive. Much smaller than bacteria, viruses invade cells inside a host to reproduce. Most viruses will cause illness. Bacteria, on the other hand, are usually single-celled organisms that can survive on their own. Most bacteria are harmless, and some types are beneficial, such as the bacteria in the gut that helps us to digest food. Other strains of bacteria can cause serious illness.
Viral illnesses are contagious and can be transmitted through coughs, sneezes and other bodily fluids. The common cold, flu (influenza), chicken pox, measles, AIDS, hepatitis A & B, rabies, and shingles are examples of viral infections. Viral infections are generally more difficult to treat than bacterial infections because the virus “hides” inside normal, living cells protecting them from treatment with antibiotics.
Bacterial infections occur when harmful bacteria enter the body. Often this happens because the organism takes advantage of a situation, such as a break in the skin or a compromised immune system. This is called an “opportunistic” infection. A bacterial infection usually stays within one area of the body, meaning it is a localized infection. A sinus infection displays localized symptoms of a bacterial infection including congestion, sinus pressure and thick, greenish-yellowish nasal discharge. Some bacterial infections are contagious, but many common bacterial infections are not. These include ear, sinus, bladder, or kidney infections.
Treatment of viral and bacterial infections differ. Viral infections generally must run their course, with treatment aimed at easing symptoms and providing some relief while. At times, antiviral medications are prescribed for specific infections, such as flu (influenza) and shingles. Bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics. Antibiotics either kill bacteria, or interrupt their ability to multiply. It is important to only take antibiotics for bacterial infections and to follow a healthcare provider’s instructions carefully. Vaccines may also be used to prevent bacterial infections. Vaccines have been developed for bacterial infections including diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, meningococcal meningitis, pneumococcal pneumonia, and typhoid fever.
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The cleaning and disinfection of germs, viruses, bacteria, superbugs and any infectious disease should be performed by experienced and trained professionals. Island Trauma Services has a team of highly trained and experienced technicians that understand the risks involved in the cleanup and disinfection of infectious germs, viruses and bacteria such as MRSA, Listeria, Hepatitis A, B & C, HIV, Norovirus, Coronavirus (including COVID-19), Histoplasmosis and other infectious diseases. We have the proper equipment, PPE, disinfectants and training to safely and effectively clean and disinfect areas affected by viral and bacterial contamination. We can provide expert cleaning and disinfection methods in homes, office buildings, any type of transportation vehicle, gymnasiums, schools, medical building and any affected area and environment. Please call us today for a free no-obligation estimate. We will perform a thorough inspection of the affected area, answer any questions and provide a detailed cleaning and disinfection protocol. We are available 24/7.
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Island Trauma Services specializes in the disinfection of viruses, bacteria, superbugs, MRSA, Coronaviruses, Listeria, Hepatitis, Norovirus, Histoplasmosis, C-Diff and other viruses, bacteria and infectious diseases. We are experts in all forms of disinfection and serve Long Island, New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. We provide complete emergency disinfection remediation and cleaning services for New York, Long Island, Nassau, Suffolk, Brooklyn, Queens, Bronx, Staten Island, Westchester, New Jersey and Connecticut 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. If you are in need of disinfection services, please call us today. We understand the challenges facing our customers when they contact us, and we will do our utmost to assist you every step of the way. We will perform a No-Obligation inspection and provide you with a detailed estimate of the work to be performed. We will assist you in negotiating with your insurance carrier. Island Trauma Services is a fully insured corporation and all of our technicians are trained and certified. Island Trauma Services is here to help.